[Federal Register Volume 74, Number 213 (Thursday, November 5, 2009)]
[Proposed Rules]
[Pages 57277-57278]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Printing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: E9-26730]



[[Page 57277]]

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

Federal Aviation Administration

14 CFR Part 39

[Docket No. FAA-2009-0889; Directorate Identifier 2009-NE-35-AD]
RIN 2120-AA64


Airworthiness Directives; Turbomeca Arriel 2B and 2B1 Turboshaft 
Engines

AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT.

ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM).

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: We propose to adopt a new airworthiness directive (AD) for the 
products listed above. This proposed AD results from mandatory 
continuing airworthiness information (MCAI) issued by an aviation 
authority of another country to identify and correct an unsafe 
condition on an aviation product. The MCAI describes the unsafe 
condition as:

    Several events of uncoupling of the low-pressure (LP) fuel pump 
impeller and the high-pressure (HP) fuel pump shaft have been 
reported on Arriel 2 engines which do not incorporate Modification 
TU 147. In most cases the ``low fuel pressure switch'' enlightened, 
the pilot activated the aircraft booster pump in accordance with the 
Flight Manual Instructions and landed safely with no other incident. 
One case, on a single-engine helicopter, led to a sudden engine 
power loss. The uncoupling of the LP fuel pump impeller and the HP 
fuel pump shaft may lead to a limitation of engine power or, at 
worst, an uncommanded in-flight shutdown. On a single-engine 
helicopter, the result may be an emergency autorotation landing.

We are proposing this AD to prevent forced autorotation landing, or an 
accident.

DATES: We must receive comments on this proposed AD by December 7, 
2009.

ADDRESSES: You may send comments by any of the following methods:
     Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to http://www.regulations.gov and follow the instructions for sending your 
comments electronically.
     Mail: Docket Management Facility, U.S. Department of 
Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE., West Building Ground 
Floor, Room W12-140, Washington, DC 20590-0001.
     Hand Delivery: Deliver to Mail address above between 9 
a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays.
     Fax: (202) 493-2251.
    Contact Turbomeca, 40220 Tarnos, France; telephone (33) 05 59 74 40 
00, fax (33) 05 59 74 45 15, for the service information identified in 
this proposed AD.

Examining the AD Docket

    You may examine the AD docket on the Internet at http://www.regulations.gov; or in person at the Docket Operations office 
between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal 
holidays. The AD docket contains this proposed AD, the regulatory 
evaluation, any comments received, and other information. The street 
address for the Docket Operations office (telephone (800) 647-5527) is 
the same as the Mail address provided in the ADDRESSES section. 
Comments will be available in the AD docket shortly after receipt.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: James Lawrence, Aerospace Engineer, 
Engine Certification Office, FAA, Engine and Propeller Directorate, 12 
New England Executive Park, Burlington, MA 01803; e-mail: 
james.lawrence@faa.gov; telephone (781) 238-7176; fax (781) 238-7199.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: 

Comments Invited

    We invite you to send any written relevant data, views, or 
arguments about this proposed AD. Send your comments to an address 
listed under the ADDRESSES section. Include ``Docket No. FAA-2009-0889; 
Directorate Identifier 2009-NE-35-AD'' at the beginning of your 
comments. We specifically invite comments on the overall regulatory, 
economic, environmental, and energy aspects of this proposed AD. We 
will consider all comments received by the closing date and may amend 
this proposed AD based on those comments.
    We will post all comments we receive, without change, to http://www.regulations.gov, including any personal information you provide. We 
will also post a report summarizing each substantive verbal contact 
with FAA personnel concerning this proposed AD. Using the search 
function of the Web site, anyone can find and read the comments in any 
of our dockets, including, if provided, the name of the individual who 
sent the comment (or signed the comment on behalf of an association, 
business, labor union, etc.). You may review the DOT's complete Privacy 
Act Statement in the Federal Register published on April 11, 2000 (65 
FR 19477-78).

Discussion

    The European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA), which is the Technical 
Agent for the Member States of the European Community, has issued EASA 
Airworthiness Directive 2009-0184, dated August 14, 2009 (referred to 
after this as ``the MCAI''), to correct an unsafe condition for the 
specified products. The MCAI states:

    Several events of uncoupling of the LP fuel pump impeller and 
the HP fuel pump shaft have been reported on Arriel 2 engines which 
do not incorporate Modification TU 147. In most cases the ``low fuel 
pressure switch'' enlightened, the pilot activated the aircraft 
booster pump in accordance with the Flight Manual Instructions and 
landed safely with no other incident. One case, on a single-engine 
helicopter, led to a sudden engine power loss. The uncoupling of the 
LP fuel pump impeller and the HP fuel pump shaft may lead to a 
limitation of engine power or, at worst, an uncommanded in-flight 
shutdown. On a single-engine helicopter, the result may be an 
emergency autorotation landing.

You may obtain further information by examining the MCAI in the AD 
docket.

Relevant Service Information

    Turbomeca has issued Mandatory Service Bulletin No. A292 73 2830, 
Version B, dated July 10, 2009. The actions described in this service 
information are intended to correct the unsafe condition identified in 
the MCAI.

FAA's Determination and Requirements of This Proposed AD

    This product has been approved by the aviation authority of France, 
and is approved for operation in the United States. Pursuant to our 
bilateral agreement with France, they have notified us of the unsafe 
condition described in the MCAI and service information referenced 
above. We are proposing this AD because we evaluated all information 
provided by EASA and determined the unsafe condition exists and is 
likely to exist or develop on other products of the same type design. 
This proposed AD would require the checking of the transmissible torque 
between the LP pump impeller and the HP pump shaft, on HP/LP pump 
metering units (HMUs) that do not incorporate Modification TU 147. This 
proposed AD would also require replacing the HMU if it fails with an 
HMU that has not incorporated Modification TU 147 but passes the check, 
or with an HMU that incorporates Modification TU 147.

Differences Between This AD and the MCAI or Service Information

    The MCAI requires the checking of the transmissible torque between 
the LP pump impeller and the HP pump shaft within 550 engine flight 
hours from the effective date of the AD, but no later than June 30, 
2010.

[[Page 57278]]

    This proposed AD would require the checking of the transmissible 
torque between the LP pump impeller and the HP pump shaft within 550 
engine flight hours from the effective date of the proposed AD.

Costs of Compliance

    Based on the service information, we estimate that this proposed AD 
would affect about 414 engines installed on helicopters of U.S. 
registry. We also estimate that it would take about 2.5 work-hours per 
engine to comply with this proposed AD. The average labor rate is $80 
per work-hour. Replacement HMUs would cost about $12,000 per engine. 
Based on these figures, if all of the HMUs were to fail the check, we 
estimate the cost of the proposed AD on U.S. operators to be 
$5,050,800.

Authority for This Rulemaking

    Title 49 of the United States Code specifies the FAA's authority to 
issue rules on aviation safety. Subtitle I, section 106, describes the 
authority of the FAA Administrator. ``Subtitle VII: Aviation 
Programs,'' describes in more detail the scope of the Agency's 
authority.
    We are issuing this rulemaking under the authority described in 
``Subtitle VII, Part A, Subpart III, Section 44701: General 
requirements.'' Under that section, Congress charges the FAA with 
promoting safe flight of civil aircraft in air commerce by prescribing 
regulations for practices, methods, and procedures the Administrator 
finds necessary for safety in air commerce. This regulation is within 
the scope of that authority because it addresses an unsafe condition 
that is likely to exist or develop on products identified in this 
rulemaking action.

Regulatory Findings

    We determined that this proposed AD would not have federalism 
implications under Executive Order 13132. This proposed AD would not 
have a substantial direct effect on the States, on the relationship 
between the national Government and the States, or on the distribution 
of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government.
    For the reasons discussed above, I certify this proposed 
regulation:
    1. Is not a ``significant regulatory action'' under Executive Order 
12866;
    2. Is not a ``significant rule'' under the DOT Regulatory Policies 
and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979); and
    3. Will not have a significant economic impact, positive or 
negative, on a substantial number of small entities under the criteria 
of the Regulatory Flexibility Act.
    We prepared a regulatory evaluation of the estimated costs to 
comply with this proposed AD and placed it in the AD docket.

List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 39

    Air transportation, Aircraft, Aviation safety, Incorporation by 
reference, Safety.

The Proposed Amendment

    Accordingly, under the authority delegated to me by the 
Administrator, the FAA proposes to amend 14 CFR part 39 as follows:

PART 39--AIRWORTHINESS DIRECTIVES

    1. The authority citation for part 39 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40113, 44701.


Sec.  39.13  [Amended]

    2. The FAA amends Sec.  39.13 by adding the following new AD:

Turbomeca: Docket No. FAA-2009-0889; Directorate Identifier 2009-NE-
35-AD.

Comments Due Date

    (a) We must receive comments by December 7, 2009.

Affected Airworthiness Directives (ADs)

    (b) None.

Applicability

    (c) This AD applies to Turbomeca Arriel 2B and 2B1 turboshaft 
engines that have not incorporated Modification TU 147. These 
engines are installed on, but not limited to, Eurocopter AS 350 B3 
and EC 130 B4, and Chaughe Z11, helicopters.

Reason

    (d) This AD results from mandatory continuing airworthiness 
information (MCAI) issued by an aviation authority of another 
country to identify and correct an unsafe condition on an aviation 
product. We are issuing this AD to prevent forced autorotation 
landing, or an accident.

Actions and Compliance

    (e) Unless already done, do the following actions.
    (1) Within 550 engine flight hours from the effective date of 
this AD, check the transmissible torque between the low-pressure 
(LP) pump impeller and the high-pressure (HP) pump shaft of the HP/
LP pump metering unit (HMU). Use paragraph 2 of the Instructions to 
be Incorporated of Turbomeca Alert Service Bulletin No. A292 73 
2830, Version B, dated July 10, 2009, to do the check.
    (2) If the check is compliant, apply the nominal tightening 
torque to the screw of the LP pump impeller.
    (3) If the check is not compliant, replace the HP/LP pump 
metering unit with a unit that has not incorporated Modification TU 
147 but has passed the check, or with a unit that has incorporated 
Modification TU 147.

FAA AD Differences

    (f) This AD differs from the MCAI and/or service information as 
follows:
    (1) The MCAI requires the checking of the transmissible torque 
between the LP pump impeller and the HP pump shaft within 550 engine 
flight hours from the effective date of the AD, but no later than 
June 30, 2010.
    (2) This AD requires the checking of the transmissible torque 
between the LP pump impeller and the HP pump shaft within 550 engine 
flight hours from the effective date of this AD.

Alternative Methods of Compliance (AMOCs)

    (g) The Manager, Engine Certification Office, FAA, has the 
authority to approve AMOCs for this AD, if requested using the 
procedures found in 14 CFR 39.19.

Related Information

    (h) Refer to MCAI European Aviation Safety Agency Airworthiness 
Directive 2009-0184, dated August 14, 2009, and Turbomeca Mandatory 
Service Bulletin No. A292 73 2830, Version B, dated July 10, 2009, 
for related information. Contact Turbomeca, 40220 Tarnos, France; 
telephone (33) 05 59 74 40 00, fax (33) 05 59 74 45 15, for a copy 
of this service information.
    (i) Contact James Lawrence, Aerospace Engineer, Engine 
Certification Office, FAA, Engine and Propeller Directorate, 12 New 
England Executive Park, Burlington, MA 01803; e-mail: 
james.lawrence@faa.gov; telephone (781) 238-7176; fax (781) 238-
7199, for more information about this AD.

    Issued in Burlington, Massachusetts, on October 27, 2009.
Peter A. White,
Assistant Manager, Engine and Propeller Directorate, Aircraft 
Certification Service.
[FR Doc. E9-26730 Filed 11-4-09; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4910-13-P